Types of Prescription Pills That Could Trigger a Relapse
Prescription pills can pose a real danger to your loved one, whether they were originally prescribed for someone else or even if your loved one was the intended patient. Many prescription pills, especially painkillers, produce a sort of euphoria or high when ingested, and that can result in the desire or chemical need to keep experiencing that feeling.
In addition to painkillers, pills prescribed for narcolepsy, which include amphetamines that are chemically similar to cocaine, can produce an addictive high. Ritalin and Adderall, which are prescribed to treat symptoms of ADD and ADHD, also have a cocaine-like effect, but can trigger psychotic episodes when misused. Among other commonly abused prescription drugs are antidepressants and painkillers.
While antidepressant medications vary in terms of their potential for addiction, many people become greatly dependent on them, and withdrawal symptoms can mirror those for drugs that pose chemical addiction risks. Antidepressants affect the way the brain works, changing the chemical balance in the brain to change the user’s mood.
Among the most popular antidepressants prone to misuse and addiction are:
- SSRIs (selective serononin reuptake inhibitors) including Prozac, Paxil, Celexa and Zoloft
- MAOIs (monoamine oxidase inhibitors), such as Manerix or Nardil
- SRNIs (serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors), including Cymbalta and Effexor
- Tricyclics like Norpramin and Tofranil
- NDRIs (norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors), including Wellbutrin and Zyban
Painkillers & Opiate Prescriptions
Addiction to prescription opioids, or painkillers, are becoming a public health crisis, so if your loved one is addicted to these powerful medications, they’re not alone. These drugs can become addictive even when taken as prescribed. If your loved one enjoys the way these painkillers make them feel, they may very well end up taking more than they need and thus become addicted.
Among the most popular — and most dangerously addictive — painkillers are:
- Vicodin: also known as Norco or hydrocodone. This opioid is highly addictive and causes serious withdrawal symptoms.
- OxyContin: also known as oxycodone. As a time-release painkiller, it’s helpful to those recovering from surgery or injury, but produces a high when injected or snorted and can lead to overdose easily.
- Demerol: This addictive drug inhibits pain receptors in the brain and produces serious withdrawal symptoms.
- Percocet: Dangerously addictive, this painkiller should only be used for short-term relief and can cause heart failure over time.
Before your loved one comes to join you in your home, take a careful look to make sure you don’t have old, unused partial prescriptions of these addictive drugs in your medicine cabinet or elsewhere in your home.