Thought distortions are common, even expected among those actively using and abusing substances. These misinterpretations of thought must be identified and challenged in order for the individual to get better.
All or nothing thinking is a common thought distortion. The situation is seen in terms of black or white, with no room for the gray areas. Labeling is a form of all or nothing thinking and includes using terms like “loser” or “failure” to describe oneself or others.
Overgeneralizations are another form of thought distortions. These thoughts tend to exaggerate the meaning of a situation or outcome. Such as after a break-up, someone may claim that their relationships “always” end the same or something similar.