Xanax, generically known as alprazolam, ranks as the most widely abused and readily available benzodiazepine medication. Xanax tablets come in the shape of tiny footballs with several assorted colors, as well as tablets in the shape of a bar with easily broken off squares. Forty-nine million prescriptions were written for Xanax in 2011. Xanax—the strongest benzodiazepine on the market—is deadly when mixed in a concoction with certain drugs.
Klonopin (clonazepam as its generic name) is used to treat seizures, panic disorder, and anxiety. As with other drugs in the same family, it has a high potential for abuse and is deadly when mixed with some other drugs. In 2011, 29 million prescriptions for Clonazepam or Klonopin were written and the medication ranks as the second strongest benzo medication that is available and presents a challenge in detox after long-term use.
Valium goes by the generic name diazepam and is used to treat anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures. Valium is known to be a benzodiazepine that stays long in the system, and if it is frequently used within a short period of time, it can be detected in urine over a month later. Valium is lesser in strength than other benzo medications such as Xanax.
Ativan goes by the generic name lorazepam, and like all other benzodiazepines, it has a potential for abuse in amounts that exceed normal dosing. Ativan is a pharmaceutical drug that is intended only for short-term use and for those who have occasional anxiety, seizures, epilepsy, or panic disorders. Ativan has been known to worsen suicidal ideation and should never be mixed with alcohol or opioids.
Rohypnol goes by the generic name flunitrazepam and is used to treat severe insomnia. It is known to be about ten times stronger than valium and can be used as a date rape drug. If abused, it can lead to drug dependence and painful, excruciating withdrawals. The drug also has some paradoxical effects, because it may cause irritability and aggressiveness that may even lead to criminal behavior.